Diwali, or Deepawali (in Sanskrit) means festival of lights. It is special and sacred for every Indian despite of religion. Everyone, whether enjoys and awaits eagerly for this festival every year. It has become a national festival. It falls 20 days after Dushehra and is also known as Vijaydashmi. On this day Lord Rama got victory on Ravana.
Symbol of victory of Good over Evil
It is the festival of Hindus which symbolises the victory of the good over the evil, truth over the lie and light over the darkness. On Diwali lord Rama along with Sita and Lakshman returned to their kingdom Ayodhya after 14 years of exile. People lighted their houses with clay diyas and candles in their welcome. There is love, enjoyment and sweetness in relations. And moreover a different kind of happiness can be felt in the atmosphere.
Markets and homes are fully decorated with colourful lights, flowers and other decorative material. The smell of sweets and different dishes makes your mouth watery. The colourful environment just makes your eyes and mind happy. It is the day when people forget about their personal grudges and hug each other. In the evening there is Goddess Laxmi is worshipped to shower health and wealth. After that people exchange gifts and crackers are bursted in the evening after pooja.
Festival of lights becoming festival of pollution
Without hurting the sentiments of people, there is another aspect of this festival which cannot be ignored that is Noise pollution and Air pollution. Every year with the celebrations of Diwali there is increase in air pollution due to tradition of bursting crackers. The smoke and noise from crackers has turned this festival of lights into festival of pollution. Along with ruining crores of wealth. Bursting of crackers may seem a lot of fun but one can see smog, which is a smoke like appearance that hangs low on diwali night and even two three days after Diwali too. This is due to the the partially burnt compounds in crackers that remain suspended in air after bursting them and becomes a threat to health of people.
The pollution levels are at alarming rate with the gases like sulphur dioxide, nitrates, ammonia, carbon dioxide and carbon monoxide. Every year after Diwali the level of air pollution increases upto 30 percent on average. Which also effects the ozone layer badly. The pollutants present in the air are threat to the sick and person having asthmatic problems. Thousands of people are reported with irritation in eyes, throat , coughing and infections in respiratory track due to inhalation of polluted air.
There are so many premature deaths every year due to the rise in pollution level in country. Children under 5 years of age are more likely to experience the effects of pollution. Problems such as eye problems, burns and breathing problems are common. Similarily people having heart diseases and old age people are mostly affected by this air and noise pollution. The sound of bursting crackers disturbs their sleep and becomes a cause of infections and headaches, and even cause ear drum damage.Besides pollution bursting of crackers also gives rise to many accidents in different towns. Day after Diwali one can read about so many accidents due to crackers in newspapers and magazines. So many shops and houses catch fire due to the burning of crackers.
Join Hands to celebrate pollution free Diwali
Let us join hands together and pledge to celebrate pollution free Diwali. It should remain the festival of lights rather than pollution. Lets “Go Green” this Diwali and maintain the dignity of this festival.If you still want to burn crackers then go for eco friendly crackers which may be bit costly but will serve both the purpose of keeping air smoke free and will give you joy too while bursting them. Another way to celebrate diwali can be by donating your old things like clothes, toys and other things which can help poor people survive this winter. Let us kill the demons within us and become a bright human being from within.
This will give you more happiness and satisfaction which I can guarantee and will make diwali actually meaningful.
Wishing you a happy and safe Diwali!!